marinni (marinni) wrote in ru_medart,

Безумие. Живопись, графика и медицинские рисунки.15-20 век


--------------------- АЛЛЕГОРИИ БЕЗУМИЯ ---------------------------------

The Tree of Folly growing in the centre, between four rows with scenes that exemplify folly, each with its explanatory text
Attributed to Ambrogio Brambilla

Il Mondo e per lo più gabbia di matti
Print made by Giuseppe Maria Mitelli
Allegory of the madness of the world: numerous types of man inside a bird-cage on top of which sits Fortune. 1684

Crowds of men and women attempt to knock down with staves a half moon hanging from a tree. 1685
Print made by Giuseppe Maria Mitelli


Безумие в облике молодой женщины
Allegorical scene with Decrepitude as an old woman in extravagant costume putting another beauty spot on her face and looking at her reflection in a mirror on a washstand, while Madness personified by young woman with fool's bauble hanging from a sash is helping her getting dressed; above them, Cupid flying with arrow in his hand. 1745
Print made by Louis Surugue

Аллегорическая фигура женщины с погремушкой дурака и купидон
Cupid, blindfolded, led by a woman carrying a fool's bauble and personifying Madness, while in the background people are paying their homage to them. 1785
Print made by Michel Honoré Bounieu


Allegorical scene with group formed by partially blindfolded man holding a mask in front of him, screaming nude woman, figure wrapped in a drapery and holding a hammer, reclining male figure, boar, dog, bear and donkey. 1543
Attributed to Monogrammist IQV
After Rosso Fiorentino

Wellcome Library, London
The Dancing Mania; by Hondius after Brueghel 1570-...

While maskinge in their folleis all doe passe, though all say nay yet all doe ride the asse
Satire on the folly of the world: a group of men and a courtesan vie to ride the ass of folly which is led by a beggar who fails to persuade a judge to take part; a fool holds the ass by the tail. 1607
Attributed to Renold Elstrack

Wellcome Library, London
The heads of women are reforged in a workshop by the sea; suggesting a brutal cure for the 'madness' of women. Line engraving, c. 1660.
Published: Chiquet,[Paris] (Rue S. Jacques au grand S. Henry) :


Ночные кошмары
A nightmare; a sleeping man at the door of a building to left is surrounded by the fantastic creatures that he is dreaming of, these include a lamp, partly composed of a praying nun and supported on a single human foot, a creature with a crozier passing through its chest, mounted on a horse, another composed in part of a pair of bellows, and a wheel, the spokes of which are formed of human heads
Formerly attributed to Hieronymus Bosch
Attributed to Cornelis Matsys


BOSCH, Hieronymus
The Cure of Folly (Extraction of the Stone of Madness)
Oil on panel, 48 x 35 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

WEYDEN, Rogier van der
The Last Judgment (detail)
Oil on wood
Musée de l'Hôtel Dieu, Beaune

BRUEGEL, Pieter the Elder
Netherlandish Proverbs
Oil on oak panel, 117 x 163 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin

BRUEGEL, Pieter the Elder
Netherlandish Proverbs (detail)
Oil on oak panel
Staatliche Museen, Berlin

BRUEGEL, Pieter the Elder
Dulle Griet (Mad Meg)
c. 1562
Oil on wood, 117,4 x 162 cm
Museum Mayer van den Bergh, Antwerp

-------------Экзорцизм и религиозные мании--------------------------

Христос, изгоняющий бесов из из двух Гадаринских бесноватых.


St Anthony of Padua, surrounded by ten scenes from his life; the saint standing in the centre making a blessing gesture and holding a book and a lily in his left hand; the subsidiary scenes from his life are: St Antony converts an unbeliever; exorcizes a demon; heals a young man with broken skull; examines the body of a miser whose heart has been replaced by gold; examines a mule adoring the Host; restores to life a child; preaches to the fishes at Rimini; heals the leg of a young man who had kicked his mother; appears after his death to rescue some friars in danger of shipwreck; causes a newborn child to speak in order to attest the fidelity of the mother.
1510-1520 (circa)


St Paul, standing on the right, exorcizes a man possessed by the demon and chained to a broken pillar
Print made by Louis Boullogne

George Abraham Mercklini, D.. Tractatus Physico-Medicus de Incantamentis. n.c. : n.p., 1715.
Notes detail. A scene of exorcism: a priest with hands upon the head of man vomiting frogs.
Theme Possession and Insanity


Wellcome Library, London
Nebuchadnezzar, gone mad, grovels like a beast of the earth; he gropes for his crown. Dutch engraving, c. 17th century

Wellcome Library, London
A boy and a mentally disabled girl (representing madness) engaged on the mad task of trying to separate fighting dogs.
Engraving 17th century By: Crispijn de Passe
Printed: Crispian van de Passe



Wellcome Library, London
The Moor-Fields Congregation, representing religious mania. Etching by G. Bickham.
1739 after: George Bickham

Wellcome Library, London
Members of the Jansenist sect having convulsions and spasms as a result of religious fanaticism. Engraving by B. Picart

----------------------Сумашедшие дома--------------------------------------

A Rake's Progress; A Rake's Pr...satirical print; print; William Hogarth (Print made by); A scene in Bedlam (after the painting at Sir John Soane's Museum)

Wellcome Library, London
Mentally ill patients dancing at a ball at Somerset County Asylum. Process print after a lithograph by K. Drake


Portrait of Joan the Mad
Oil on wood, 36 x 26 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Inscribed: "Madme de Pienne de la grander de mad/de sauve"
Portrait of Anne de Piennes (Chabot), b. c.1540; half-length turned slightly to left, looking to front, wearing a bejewelled dress with high, frilled collar and a head-dress with train. c.1560
Drawn by François Clouet

Joanna the Mad, Queen of Spain, formerly in an album, the 'Costume Book'; whole-length, standing to left, her long hair bound behind,
Drawn by Peter Paul Rubens

Duces Burgundiae; Johanna Uxor...print; Pieter Soutman (After); Pieter Soutman (Print made by); Pieter Soutman (Published by); Jon...; Plate 7: Joanna the Mad. Portrait of the queen

Katheline la Folle
print; Auguste Danse (Print made by); Henry de Groux (After); A mad woman in medieval costume sitting beside a table with her eyes looking upwards

William Dickinson (Print made by); Robert Edge Pine (After); A female figure representing madness, with straw and a scarf in tangled hair, a rope holding a pelt around her leaving the breast bare, clutching at the chains which hold her with her right arm, twisting to the left and staring wildly towards the upper left; after Pine; scratched-letter state without title.

McArdell, James (printmaker)
Pine, Robert Edge after (painter) British artist, 1730-1788

Nathl Lee the Mad Poet
William Dobson (After); John Watts (Print made by);

Mad Kate
print; book-illustration; William Bromley (Print made by); Henry Fuseli (After); A woman sitting on rocks with wild expression
illustration to Cowper's 'Poems'; proof before letters. 1807

La Folieprint; Pierre Aveline (Print made by); Gabriel Huquier (Published by); Cornelis Visscher (After); Madness:

GOYA Y LUCIENTES, Francisco de
Saturn Devouring One of his Children
Plaster mounted on canvas, 146 x 83 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

The Desperate Man (also known as The Man Made Mad by Fear)
Gustave Courbet - circa 1843-1844



Улисс, изображая безумие, ведет запряженных лошадей и волов с плугом, слева прячется за деревом Palamedes, он вынул сына Улисса Телемаха из колыбели и положил его перед плугом, 1779
Ulysses, pretending madness, has yoked a horse and an ox to the plow; to the left hiding behind a tree, Palamedes, joined by a companion, having taken Ulysses' son Telemachus from the cradle and put him in front of the plow, is watching the scene and noticing that Ulysses was performing a farce, 1779
Print made by Christian Bernhard Rode

Hamlet and Ophelia, illustration to William Shakespeare's 'Hamlet', Act III, Sc i; Ophelia seated in a small oratory, is in the act of returning to Hamlet the letters and presents he has given her.
Drawn by Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882)
The First Madness of Ophelia
Watercolor on paper, 1864
Public collection


The author run mad
satirical print; print; Paul Sandby (Print made by); (For description see other impression). 1753

Caricature with Queen Caroline as Lady Macbeth on the mad scene, holding a candle in the street before a horrified John Bull. 1 February 1821
Published by George Humphrey

Lieut goverr Gall-stone, inspired by Alecto; -or- the birth of Minerva
Philip Thicknesse writes at a table; he listens to Alecto who whispers slyly in his ear, her right hand on his right shoulder; she is seated partly on his knee partly on a cloud behind him which rises from the jaws of Hell, the gaping mouth of a monster in the lower right corner of the design.
Print made by James Gillray


-------------------------20 век---------------------------------

Dance in a madhouse
Print made by George Bellows

Psychopathic ward
Print made by Robert Riggs (biographical details | all objects)
1940 (circa)

Sandy Skoglund, American, born 1946
Shimmering Madness, 1998
Jelly beans, wood, plastic, metal, motors

-------------------Медицинские рисунки-----------------------


Wellcome Library, London
William Norris confined in Bethlem Hospital for 12 years. Freely adapted from G. Arnold's etching.
Engraving circa 1833

Wellcome Library, London
Broadside: "Portrait of William Norris"
Circa 1815 By: G. Arnauld

William Norris confined in Bethlem Hospital for 12 years

Wellcome Library, London
William Norris restrained by chains at the neck and ankles in Bethlem hospital, London. Coloured etching by G. Arnald, 1815, after himself, 1814.
1814-1815 By: George Arnald

-------------------E. Esquirol.---------------------------------------------------------- Des Maladies Mentales, Atlas. Paris : J.B. Baillière, 1838

gravé par Ambroise Tardieu. epileptic man lying in bed

pensive woman

gravé par Ambroise Tardieu. person sitting on wall, struggling in strait-jacket, enraged or frightened expression

gravé par Ambroise Tardieu. The woman in this profile is the revolutionary advocate of women’s rights, Théroigne de Méricourt.

gravé par Ambroise Tardieu. profile bust of emaciated man, mouth open

Wellcome Library, London
Insane patient in a strait-waistcoat.
Engraving By: Ambroise Tardieu
Jean Etienne Dominique Esquirol
Published: Paris 1838

Wellcome Library, London
Side profile of a 'maniac', by Ambroise Tardieu after anon.
Engraving circa 1838 By: Ambroise Tardieu
From: Des maladies mentales
By: Jean Etienne Dominique Esquirol

: Wellcome Library, London
Insane patient in a French asylum

Wellcome Library, London
Insane patient in a French asylum

Insane patient in a French asylum

Insane patient in a French asylum

Wellcome Library, London
Insane patients in a French asylum

Wellcome Library, London
Maniac in a strait-jacket, in a French asylum.
Engraving By: Ambroise Tardieu

Wellcome Library, London
Insane patient in a French asylum.
Engraving By: Ambroise Tardieu

Insane patient in a French asylum.
Engraving By: Ambroise Tardieu


Wellcome Library, London
'Melancholy mania in four stages' by W. Bagg after a photograph by H. W. Diamond


Wellcome Library, London
Six pictures of crania and heads of the insane.
From: Traité medico-philosophique sur l'aliénation mentale, ou la manie,
By: Philippe Pinel
Published: RichardParis 1801

Wellcome Library, London
Seven vignettes of people suffering from different types of mental illness. Lithograph by W. Spread and J. Reed, 1858

-------------------Dr. Paul Richer -----------------------------------------
Title Études Cliniques sur la Grande Hystérie ou Hystéro-Épilepsie

Prodromes; Agitation et contractures partielles; A. Delahaye et E. Lecrosnier

Période __ Période de Clownisme; Fig.1 Phase des grands mouvements; Fig.2 Phase des contorsions (Arc de cercle); A. Delahaye et E. Lecrosnier

Attaque Demoniaque; A. Delahaye et E. Lecrosnier.

------------Morison, The physiognomy of mental diseases-London 1843 --------------------

Wellcome Library, London
Portrait of 20 year old female mental patient

portrat of elderly female mental patient - nymphomania.
From: The physiognomy of mental diseases
By: Alexander Morison

--------------Dr. Paul Regnard.-------------------------------------------------- Sorcellerie Magnétisme, Morphinisme Délire des Grandeurs. Paris : E. Plon, 1887.

Attitude Passionnelle. Moquerie

Contracture Provoquée

Excitation du Nerf Cubital Pendant le Sommeil Hypnotique

Procédé pour la Production de la Catalepsie

Catalepsie Produite par le Son Continu d’un Diapason

Catalepsie produite par le Son Brusque d’un Tam-Tam



Wellcome Library, London
Женщина, больная эротоманией.
Photograph showing a female psychiatric patient, "erotomania".
From: The physiognomy of mental diseases
By: Alexander Morrison
Published: Longman & CoLondon 1843


Dr. Desiré Magloire Bourneville. Louise Lateau ou la Stigmatisée belge. Paris : n.p., 1875. Page 39, Plate 1.
Notes The first stage of demoniacal possession: contortion followed by insensibility.

Wellcome Library, London
A man diagnosed as suffering from acute dementia. Lithograph, 1892, after a drawing by Alexander Johnston, 1836/1841

Wellcome Library, London
A female aged 23, who had been
admitted to Bethlehem Hospital, 'labouring under an attack of Mania'.
From: Outlines of lectures on the nature, causes, and treatment of insanity
By: Alexander Morison

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